Profile of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh (M.P.) is the heart of India. The state is surrounded by Gujarat on the west, Rajasthan on the northwest, Uttar Pradesh on the northeast, Chhattisgarh on the east, and Maharashtra on the south. Its capital is Bhopal.This is the second largest state in terms of area and is thickly covered by forests which account for one- third of the state's geographical area. The state is filled with all types of geographical structures including hills, plains, plateaus, rivers and forests.

Profile of Madhya Pradesh

M.P. offers ample opportunities in travel and tourism. The state is famous for its superb Khajuraho temple which is located at the northern region. The scenic Malwa plateau in the southwest has the great Buddhist Stupa of Sanchi and a romantic 15th century citadel of Mandu.

Madhya Pradesh Profile Fossils of dinosaurs, egg-shells of dinosaurs, stone-age tools etc were found at Narmada river valley.
Legendry playback singer Lata Mangeshkar was born in Indore city of Madhya Pradesh.
Spiritual leader Osho was also born and grown up in Narsingpur district of Madhya Pradesh.
Indore is largest city of Madhya Pradesh.

Zari embroidery, bamboo and cane work are most popular craft works of Madhya Pradesh.
Madhya Pradesh has highest tribal population.

History of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is one of the historically enriched places of India. The ancient Avanti Mahajanapada dynasty was prospered on the same land. Present days Ujjain was the capital then. The land was ruled by famous dynasties like Gupta, Maurya, Mughals and finally by the British. The geographical distribution by land of the state changed many times after the independence. Initially, the state Madhya Pradesh was created with Nagpur as its capital. However, it was merged with Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal in 1956 to reorganize the state, and Bhopal was made the capital of the state. The Vidharba region was carved out of the state and was merged with present day Maharashtra. In 2000, the south part of the state was again carved out to form a new state Chhattisgarh. Until 2000, Madhya Pradesh was the biggest state of India in terms of land area.

Pre-Historic Evidences in Madhya Pradesh

Know about BhopalOne of the earliest dwellings of mankind can be found in the pre-historic caves of Bhimbetka, a place close to Bhopal. Evidences of Homo Erectus was found in the Hathnora area of Madhya Pradesh. It suggests that the Narmada Valley civilization was present even during the Middle Pleistocene era of history. In Bhimbetka Rock Shelters, the signs of painted pottery can establish the presence of Madhya Pradesh in the Mesolithic era of history. The evidences prove that people have inhabited Madhya Pradesh from pre-historic times.

Ancient History of Madhya Pradesh

History of Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh was the home of one of the ancient kingdoms of the country. It was known as Avanti, and the capital of the kingdom was present days Ujjain. Ujjain is popular as one of the longest most inhabited places of India. According to historical proof from 800 BC the city, has been inhabited by people of belonging to different culture. The early history of Madhya Pradesh goes back to 320 BC when Chandragupta Maurya established the Mauryan Empire which included many places of modern day Madhya Pradesh. Ashoka, the great Mauryan emperor was powerful in the Malwa region. It is also believed that Ashoka’s wife was from Vidisha, a town north of today's Bhopal. With the death of Ashoka, the Mauryan Empire became weak and the region came under the rule of Sakas, Kushanas, and some local dynasties during the 3rd to 1st centuries BC. The Satavahana dynasty of the northern Deccan ruled the region in between 1st and 3rd centuries AD. Towards the end of 4th century the region came under Gupta dynasty and it continued for over 150 years and finally collapsed towards the end of the 5th century. Ujjain became the predominant commercial center of western India during the ancient period.

Medieval History of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh during Mughal periodsThe medieval history of Madhya Pradesh dates back to the period after 5th century. With the decline of Gupta Empire, India was divided into several small states. But the reorganization was carried out by King Harsha of Thanesar before his death in 647AD. During this period the rise of Rajput clans was significant. From 950 to 1050AD the Paramaras of Malwa and the Chandelas of Bundelkhand constructed the fantastic series of temples at Khajuraho in the north of the state. Between the 12th and 16th centuries, the region saw continuing struggles between Hindu and Muslims rulers or invaders. Important independent regional kingdoms include Tomara Rajput kingdom of Gwalior and the Muslim Sultanate of Malwa, with its capital at Mandu. Apart from Rajput Clans, the Chalukya Empire of Southern India also took control of the Malwa region. Small Kingdoms of Rajputs and others like Paramara and Gonds were present in the Malwa region. Some part of the land was also under the Delhi Sultanate. However, after the Mughal invaded India, the history of the land changed again. Akbar, the great Mughal Empire took control of Madhya Pradesh and ruled under Mughal Empire. But soon after the decline of Mughals, Marathas and Holikars were dominant in the Malwa region until the British invaded India.

Modern History of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh was a strong hold of Mughal emperor Akbar from 1556 to 1605. After Aurangzeb died in 1707, the Mughal Empire declined and Marathas began to control over the state. Between 1720 and 1760 the Marathas took control of most of Madhya Pradesh, and Maratha clans established semi-autonomous states under the nominal control of the Maratha Peshwa. The power of the Marathas came into an end in 1761 after the defeat in the battle of Panipat. In between 18th and 19th century the British were expanding their dominion in India from bases in Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai. Most of Madhya Pradesh came under British Supremacy when the British won the third Anglo-Maratha War. Then the regions including Indore, Bhopal, Nagpur, Rewa, and dozens of other small areas became princely states of British India.

When India got her independence in 1947, the former British Central Provinces and Berar and the princely states of Makrai and Chhattisgarh were made a separate state with Nagpur as the capital. In 1956, the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal were merged into Madhya Pradesh, and the Marathi-speaking southern region Vidarbha, which included Nagpur, was ceded to Bombay state. Then Bhopal became the new capital of Madhya Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh remained as the largest state of the country from 1956 to 2000. In November 2000, as part of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, the southeastern portion of the state carved out to form the new state of Chhattisgarh with a huge tribal population.

Madhya Pradesh Profile The 'Great Stupa' at Sanchi(3rd century BCE) is the oldest stone structure in India.
The Heliodorus pillar at Vidisha was erected around 113 BCE by Heliodorus, a Greek ambassador of the Indo-Greek king Antialcidas to the court of the Sunga king Bhagabhadra.
Tansen, Father of Hindustani classical music was in Behat near Gwalior.
Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Mughal emperor Shahjahan was first buried at Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh for 06 months before being shifted to Taj Mahal in Agra.

Geography of Madhya Pradesh

As the name suggests, Madhya Pradesh is located at the centre of India. The vast land of Madhya Pradesh is spread across latitude 21.2°N-26.87°N and longitude 74°02'-82°49' E. Madhya Pradesh is bordered by Gujarat on the west, Rajasthan on the northwest, Uttar Pradesh on the northeast, Chhattisgarh on the east, and Maharashtra on the south. Madhya Pradesh is also considered as the boundary between North of India and South of India. Narmada River is considered as the typical boundary which flows east and west between Vindhya and Satpura ranges.

Geography of Madhya Pradesh

Due to its wide area and land there is versatility and diversity in the geography of the Madhya Pradesh State.This is the second largest state in terms of area and is thickly covered by forests which account for one third of the state’s geographical area. The state is filled with all types of geographical structures including hills, plains, plateaus, rivers and forests.

Climate of Madhya Pradesh

The climate of Madhya Pradesh is characterized by a monsoon weather pattern. There are three distinct seasons - summer (March to May), winter (November to February), and the intervening rainy months of the southwest monsoon (June to September). Madhya Pradesh experiences extreme temperatures both during summer and winter. In summer, the temperature goes up to 42 degree Celsius and in winters it falls tremendously down. From March the temperature starts rising and from October the temperature starts falling. The temperature also varies from place to place in the state. The hottest place is Gwalior in summer where temperature reaches up to 42 degree Celsius while in Bhopal the temperature is close to 40 degree Celsius. The average temperature in winter hovers around 10 degree Celsius. Madhya Pradesh receives maximum rainfall from June to September. The average rainfall varies from 112cm in eastern Madhya Pradesh to 50-62.5cm in northern and western Madhya Pradesh. However, due to the wind flow during the monsoon the western part of Madhya Pradesh receives more rainfall than the eastern part. As the winds flow from west to east carrying the monsoon cloud.

Based on its climate, Madhya Pradesh can be divided into six regions namely:
  • The Northern Plains
  • The Narmada Valley
  • The Hilly Region of the Vindhyas
  • The Malwa Plateau
The land drained by the rivers are very rich and fertile. There is huge dry deciduous forest types with large throny grasses can be witnessed all across Madhya Pradesh.

Rivers in Madhya Pradesh

Rivers in Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh has numerous rivers, the important ones being Narmada, Chambal, Betwa, Shipra, Sone, Mahanadi, Indrawati and Tapti. All these rivers are important for drinking, irrigation and hydro-electric power generation. Narmada is the major river of Madhya Pradesh. It flows in the west direction through a rift valley along the Vindhya and Satpura ranges. Banjar, the Tawa, the Machna, the Denwa and the Sonbhardra are the major tributaries of the Narmada River. Tapti River runs parallel to Narmada and together they huge volume of water. Other major rivers like Chambal, Shipra, Kali Sindh, Parbati, Kuno, Sind, Betwa, Dhasan and Ken flow from South to North and falls into Yamuna River. Son River rising from Amarkantak is the biggest tributary of Ganges, which does not rise from Himalayas. Mahanadi is another important river of Madhya Pradesh, however, after the formation of Chhattisgarh, it is mainly situated in the newly formed state. Narmada and Shipra are considered very holy river in Hinduism. Kumbh Mela is also organized in every 12 years in Ujjain on the ghats of Shipra River.

Forest Cover in Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is gifted with rich and diverse forest resources. Almost 30.72% of total land area of Madhya Pradesh is recorded with forest. In other words one third of the total geographical area is under forest cover. Madhya Pradesh alone has 12.30% of total forest area of India. Due to different climate, soil texture and land varieties the type of forest largely differs in Madhya Pradesh. The cover has been classified as Reserved Forest, Protected Forest and Unclassified Forest. Central, eastern and southern parts of the state are rich, whereas northern and western parts are deficient in forest reserves. Variability in climatic and soil conditions brings about significant difference in the forest types of the state. There are four important forest types namely, Tropical Moist, Tropical Dry, Tropical Thorn, and Subtropical broadleaved Hill forests.The forest area can also be classified based on the composition of forest and terrain of the area. Based on composition, there are three important forest formations namely Teak forest, Sal forest and Miscellaneous Forests. Bamboo bearing areas are widely distributed in the state. To prevent pressure on the natural forests, plantations have been undertaken in forest and non forest areas to supplement the availability of fuel wood, small timber, and fodder.

National Parks in Madhya Pradesh
Flora and Fauna in Madhya Pradesh
  • Bandhavgarh National Park
  • Kanha National Park
  • Satpura National Park
  • Sanjay National Park
  • Madhav National Park
  • Van Vihar National Park
  • Mandla Plant Fossils National Park
  • Panna National Park
  • Pench National Park
  • Panna National Park
Amarkantak, Bagh Caves, Balaghat, Bori Natural Reserve, Ken Gharial, Ghatigaon, Kuno Palpur, Narwar, Chambal, Kukdeshwar, Narsinghgarh, Nora Dehi, Pachmarhi, Panpatha, Shikarganj, Patalkot and Tamia are the Natural Preserves present in the state. Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve in Satpura Range, Amarkantak biosphere reserve and Panna national park are the Bio reserves present in Madhya Pradesh. Due to the presence of the forest immense amount of flora and fauna is observed in the state.

Soil Texture of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh has different soil texture due to the vast area of land and different topographies. Malwa region is filled with the Black Soil. The Baghelkhand region has the Red and Yellow Soil. The Northern Madhya Pradesh has Alluvial Soil. Mixed soil can be observed in Chambal Basin and in Gwalior. Laterite Soil is generally found in the highland areas of Madhya Pradesh.

Mineral Reserves of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is endowed with rich mineral resources. The diamond mine at Panna near Khajuraho is the largest mine in the country which has recoverable reserves of about one million carats. The state's other mineral deposits include high-grade limestone, dolomite, iron ore, manganese ore, copper, coal, rock phosphate and bauxite. Madhya Pradesh is country's only producer of tin ore.

Know about Madhya Pradesh Mandsaur in Madhya Pradesh is a prominent producer of Opium and Marijuana.
Madhya Pradesh has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India.

Narmada river is much older then holy river Ganges.
Pench Tiger Reserve is the real land of Mowgli.
Madhya Pradesh is home to 11 National Parks and 3 biosphere reserves.

Sleemnabad near Jabalpur city is famous for exporting quality marbles.

Economy of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh’s economy largely depends on agriculture, industries and minerals. About 70% of the total work force of the state depends directly or indirectly on agriculture. Madhya Pradesh is one of the leading producers of pulses like urad, mung and arhar. About one-fifth of the country’s total production of pulses comes from this state. Other main crops produced in Madhya Pradesh are wheat, soyabean and mustard. Mines and industries play important roles in economic development of the state. Horticultural crops that are grown in the State include potato, onion, and garlic, along with fruits like papaya, banana, oranges, mango and grapes.

Economy of Madhya Pradesh

Medicinal plants are also cultivated in certain areas. Major perennial rivers in Madhya Pradesh include Mahi, Narmada, Tapti, Chambal, Betwa, Sone, Wainganga, Ken and Pench. These rivers are the main sources of irrigation. In terms of area, it has been estimated that Madhya Pradesh has an irrigation potential of 60.9 lakh ha, which, when fully utilized, can irrigate 40.1% of the present net sown area from surface water 150 lakh ha. Small tanks, dams, tube wells are other sources of irrigation. The total annual utilizable ground water in the state is 4.86 M. ha M.

Madhya Pradesh EconomyThere are many flourishing textile mills in the state and artificial silk manufacturing plants located at Ujjain, Nagda, Indore and Gwalior. Public sector industries including the Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited (BHEL), Indian Ordinance Factory in Jabalpur and many others are contributing in the economic growth of the region.The Nepa Mills produces newsprint for the country. Diesel engines are manufactured at Indore and attractive pottery and carpets are produced at Gwalior. A sizeable population in the villages makes traditional crafts such as chanderi sarees, leather and clay toys.

Secondary industries such as dyeing, calico printing and bleaching have also tended to concentrate in areas producing handloom cloth, silk and wool products. The state’s wood work and lacquer-ware are also very famous. Important minerals found in M.P. are coal and iron. High quality iron-ore are found in Jabalpur and Gwalior. The Panna region is famous for its diamond belt and is well known for the production of diamonds. Bauxite and marble are also found in several districts of Madhya Pradesh. Tourism Industry is other major contributor in the economy of Madhya Pradesh.

Art and Culture of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is a place of culture and heritage. It is a land of tradition and culture. Madhya Pradesh can easily be figured out as the fusion of three greatest cultures, Hindu, Buddhist and Islamic. Many great civilizations have prospered on the land of Malwa and have brought diversity in the culture of the land. Due to its old history, the land has very prominent culture. Mix of culture and traditions can also be witnessed due to a large number of influx of people from various other parts of the country.The enriched art and cultural dominance of the region can be witnessed from the pre-historic times. Many such paintings can be found near the caves and temples in Vindhya Region of Madhya Pradesh. The paintings of the Bhimteka Rock Shelters are said to be of 10000 BC.

In bit more contemporary context, the Buddhist culture can be witnessed from the art and architecture of the state. Many temples and Stupas adorn the glimpse of the culture that once flourished in the region. Stupa of Sanchi is one of the most prominent examples of the cultural evidences. Some of the best art work of Madhya Pradesh can be found in ancient caves. The Bagh Cave consists of classic paintings of the 5th century. Udaygiri Caves also have similar paintings. The erotic art of Khajuraho is famous for its uniqueness and speciality. Khajuraho has been a symbol of art for Madhya Pradesh since a long time. The Islamic art of Madhya Pradesh that can be found in the palaces and mosques built in the subsequent years 15th century. The mixture of Islamic tradition and Indian heritage has given Madhya Pradesh a complete and fresh cultural importance. The importance of Art and Architecture in Madhya Pradesh can be understood from the fact that it has three World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO, Khajuraho Temples, Buddhists Stupas at Sanchi and Rock shelters of Bhimbetka.

Folk Culture of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is famous for the classical and folk music. In India, Hindustani Classical Music is one of the most popular forms of music. Many famous gharanas of Hindustani Classical Music are from Madhya Pradesh. The notable examples are Maihar Gharana, Gwalior Gharana, Senia Gharana and others. But it is not only the music that brings glory to Madhya Pradesh, but also the singers. India’s two most famous singer Tansen and Baiju Bawra were born in the same land. The cultural tradition of Madhya Pradesh goes beyond the classical music. One of the old and strong tribe culture is preserved in Madhya Pradesh. The indigenous culture and their mythology along with Folklore have been the integral part of the Madhya Pradesh culture. Beautiful songs like Pandwani, Lachmanjati and other songs are very famous in tribe culture. Few of the songs are associated with the mythology and the origin of the tribe culture, and many of the songs are related to life events like birth, marriage, death, etc. These are the following folk singing styles that are present in Madhya Pradesh Faga, Bhartahari, Sanja geet, Bhopa, Kalbelia, Bhat,Bhand,Charan, Vasdeva, Videsia, Kalgi Turra, Nirgunia, Alha, Pandwani Gayan and Garba Garbi Govalan.

Folk Dances of Madhya Pradesh

The folk dance of Madhya Pradesh is also a significant part of their culture. Many of the famous dance forms are pride of the land. Tertali, Jawara folk dance, Matki dance, Phulpati folk dance, Grida folk Dance, Maanch folk dance, Gaur Maria dance are some of the most prominet folk dances of Madhya Pradesh. Other most famous dance forms of Madhya Pradesh are Badhai, Rai, Saira, Jawara, Sher, Akhara, Shaitan, baredi, karma, kathi, Sua, Saila, Mauni, Dhimrai, kanara, Bhagoria, Dashera, dadariya, Duldul Ghodi, Lehgi ghodi, Fefriya, Mandlya, danda, Ada-khada, dadel, Matki, birha, Ahirai, pardhauni, Vilma, Dadar and Kalsa.

Cultural Festivals in Madhya Pradesh

The influence of Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, Christian and modern culture all can be witnessed in Madhya Pradesh. The state is the perfect example of “Unity in diversity” and carries the signature style culture of India. Many languages are spoken within the state, and many religions are practiced as well. The tradition of Madhya Pradesh goes deep into the history and reflects the value. Famous cultural events are also notable in Madhya Pradesh. Kalidas Samaroh in Ujjain for Visual and Performing Arts, Tansen Samaroh for Classical Music in Gwalior and Khajuraho Dance Festival are very famous. People from all parts of the country come to participate in the events. Apart from it there are many small events and fairs that take place in every part of Madhya Pradesh are the cultural potray of the state. Starting from the villages to the urban cities, Madhya Pradesh still carry the tradition and heritage along with it.

Crafts of Madhya Pradesh

Crafts of Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh is famous for its rich art and crafts. The hereditary skills among the artisans make a contrasting variety of handicraft items which are of great demand in national as well as in international markets. The various objects include Silk Or A Cotton Blended Saree, Block Printed Fabrics, Stuffed Leather Toys Or Floor Coverings, Folk Paintings, Bamboo, Cane Or Jute, Woodcraft, Stone Craft, Iron Craft, Metal Craft, Terracotta Works, Papier Mache, Zari Work (Gold Thread Embroidery), And Ornaments. Madhya Pradesh’s handicrafts emporia known as “Mriganayanee Emporiums” are located within the state at Bhopal, Indore, Pachmarhi, Sanchi, Jabalpur and Khajuraho. The emporiums are also located outside the state under the same name as Mriganayanee Emporiums in Noida (Uttar Pradesh), Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Pune, Panaji, Chennai, Bangalore, Kolkata and Kozhikode where you can buy objects of great beauty and utility.

Tourism of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is one of the tourism enriched state of India. Known for its historical, religious, cultural and natural attractions, Madhya Pradesh is certainly one of the most beautiful places of India. There are three World Heritage Sites in Madhya Pradesh namely Buddhist Stupa at Sanchi, Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Khajuraho Group of Monuments at Chhatarpur. Vast wildlife across the state, limestone caves and natural beauty along Narmada River in Jabalpur with scores of ancient temples in are prominent tourist attractions. Apart from it the contemporary palaces in Bhopal, Gwalior, Indore, also prime locations for tourism. The state has plenty to offer for tourism and also enjoy one of the most favorable destinations across the country. The heritage, culture, beauty and history of Madhya Pradesh is mesmerizing and beautiful.

Tourism of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh Tourism
Paryatan Bhawan, Bhadbhada Road, Bhopal - 462 003.
E-mail: [email protected]
Tel.: +91-755-4027100
Contact Between 10:00 AM to 5:00 PM (Mon to Sat)

Tourist spots in Madhya Pradesh At the Temple of Shri Kaal Bhairav in Ujjain city liquor is offered to the presiding deity.
Orchhha and Pachmarhi are amongst most visited tourist destinations in Madhya Pradesh.
Dhuandhar Falls, Bhedaghat is amongst most popular waterfalls in India.
Jahaz Mahal in Mandu is an example of architectural marvellence.
Udaygiri Caves in Vidisha are prime example of rock cut caves in India.

Transportation of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is very well connected state, and there is a medium of transportation at almost all the parts of the state. It is connected by all the three mediums of transportation road, railway and aviation. The state is well connected with the rest of the country and the world.

Roadways in Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is connected well by the roadways network. 99,043 km of the state is connected by the roadways network. There are 20 National Highways that have passed through the state. There are four major Inter-State Bus Terminuses present in the state in Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior and Jabalpur. Approximately 2000 buses daily run through the roads only from the four cities. The Intra-State and Intra-City bus services are also efficient in Madhya Pradesh. Apart from buses, taxi and autos can be seen on the roads of Madhya Pradesh.

Railway Network in Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is one of the major hubs for Indian Railways. Most of the parts of the city are covered by the Western Railways and Central Railways of the Indian Railways. Majority of the cities come under the Ratlam Rail Division of Western Railways. Jabalpur is the headquarters for the West Central Railways of India. The significance of the Railways can be understood by the fact that there are 20 major railway junctions present in Madhya Pradesh. All parts of the country are well connected by the railways with Madhya Pradesh.

Aviation Network in Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is very well connected with the aviation or air network as well. The major two airports of the city are Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport in Indore and Raja Bhoj Airport in Bhopal. However, there are other airports like Gwalior Airport, Jabalpur Airport and Khajuraho Airport present in the state. All the cities are connected by daily or scheduled airlines connections with the rest of the city.

Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport
Address: Depalpur Road, Indore, Madhya Pradesh 453112
Code: IDR
Elevation: 564 m
Phone: 0731 262 9455

Raja Bhoj Airport
Address: Airport Road, Gandhi Nagar, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462036
Code: BHO
Elevation: 524 m
Phone: 0755 264 6001

Rajmata Vijaya Raje Scindia Air Terminal
Address: Maharajpura, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh 474020
Code: GWL
Elevation: 617 m
Phone: 0751 247 3880

Civil Aerodrome Khajuraho
Address: Khajuraho Airport Area, Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh 471606
Elevation: 712 m
Code: HJR

Jabalpur Airport
Address: India
Code: JLR
Elevation: 1,624 m

Healthcare Services in Madhya Pradesh

Healthcare Services in Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh has made significant progress in terms of health care after independence. A large area of the state is self sufficient interns of infrastructure. In the recent time the state has strategized the health care services in order to strengthen the health care services across the state. The direct impact of improved health care services can be seen in the decreasing rate of mortality rate, low volume of patients and child death. No longer patients die due to malnutrition, malaria, dengue, unknown fever, pneumonia in Madhya Pradesh. The state government, many NGOs have come forward to further improve the health situation in the state. Many charitable hospitals have been opened across the state, and private hospitals have also started booming in the state. The state government has started health care policy and has decentralized the facilities in cities, districts, villages and blocks. The improvement has already been noticed in the case of health care services. However, Madhya Pradesh has to do a lot more to reach the par standard for health services.

There are many programmes which have been started in order to eradicate various health problems in Madhya Pradesh. Revised National TB Control Programme, National Anti Malaria Programme, National Leprosy Eradication Programme, National Programme on Control of Blindness, National Family Welfare Programme, National Rural Health Mission, Externally Aided Programmes, Community Health Action Mission with support from DFID are the major programmes. Many funds and community has been set up to fight the health crisis in the state as well. State Illness Assistance Fund, Rogi Kalyan Samiti, Deendayal Antyoday Upchar Yojana, Prasav Hetu Parivahan Evam Upchar Yojana are the promising society and funds made for the health care services.

Media in Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh has a strong presence of print and electronic media. Hindi being the most spoken language of Madhya Pradesh show dominance in the print media. There are many newspapers publish daily from various cities of Madhya Pradesh like Dainik Bhaskar, Dekho Bhopal, Hari Bhoomi, Nai Dunia, Nava Bharat, Sandarbh are the major however many other news papers in Hindi language are also available in the state. English dailies are also quite popular in Madhya Pradesh; newspapers like The Times of India, The Hindustan Times, The Hindu are the major English dailies. Apart from it many news channels are present in the Madhya Pradesh as far as Electronic Media is concerned. DD Madhya Pradesh is the dedicated Television Channel for Madhya Pradesh. The radio station operation gets conducted from the Indore city of Madhya Pradesh. Apart from it there are many online news portals and services available for Madhya Pradesh.

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